Lake Oswego School Districtg

General Demonstration School District

AP Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (15th Ed.)

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: The most interesting potential "teaching moment" would be for teachers to bring critical awareness to the content of the book. The book is based on an ideal world where are other factors, including and especially social relationships, have no interaction with the objective world of science nor is there an intersection between science and social power.

Reviewer: Avinnash P. Tiwari

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SEVERITYISSUEDESCRIPTIONSPECIFIC DEI CONCERNCHAPTERPAGE
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race The horizontal spectrum of skin color does not have any context; what is this image actually communicating about race in relation to Chapter 14 and 15 contents? Table of Contents ix; bottom photo
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Religion "Evolution" as a "core concept" has the potential to draw criticism from Judeo-Christian students and parents 1 3SidePara2
Trivial CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture "Taxonomy" historicizes a particular moment without important historical context of colonialism, including and especially in "naming" practices by Western Europeans under the umbrella of science. 1 9Paras1and2
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom Section on "Critical Thinking" fails to apply any critical thinking evaluation to the scientific method itself; given the colonial history of the method's development, this passage can be read as somewhat hypocritical. 1 11Para4
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom A return to "critical thinking" and "bias" once again fails to acknowledge the power dynamics of limited critical thinking when considering the epistemological framework of the scientific method; here, the scientific community is portrayed as a failsafe against bias, when clearly this is impossible. 1 16Para6and7 - 17Para1
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom The entire section "What Science is Not" claims a (false) objectivity for scientific inquiry that sets it apart from philosophical inquiry and even contrasts it against moral inquiry. In other words, "science" is let off the hook for its own ideological positions and power dynamics. 1 ,
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race All solo human photos in chapter are of caucasian people. 1 7
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race All solo human photos in chapter are of caucasian people. 1 15
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race All solo human photos in chapter are of caucasian people. 1 16
Critical SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race The one photo of a person of color is shown in a succession of non-human beings, captioned "Animals" 1 9
Trivial CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture While the section rightly opens up on the specific dangers of alcohol abuse and college-aged students, the switch to "you" in the narrative assumes a very particular kind of student, and therefore alienates readers who, for any number of cultural, religious, or personal reasons abstain from alcohol. 5 77Paras2,3, and 5
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment The opening rightly engages with "finite resources" but does nothing to draw attention how we in the West have been and continue to be the worst violators of our finite resources, and how our greed creates disastrous circumstances for those around the world when it comes to resource allocation. Besides a lack of "critical thinking" there is also a misuse of "exponential." 6 99Para1
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment The one picture of pollution comes from China; see note above. 6 111Figure 6.17
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Appearance Photos of athletic and body normative humans as indicative of burning energy. 7 114
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos are of caucasian humans 7 114
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos are of cacasian humans 7 116
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos are of predominantly caucasian humans (one race indeterminate). 7 125
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos are of caucasian humans 8 130
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex A very "gendered" image for the DNA section (could assume gender binary in regards to DNA) 8 130
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos are of caucasian humans 8 131
Trivial CULTURAL PRACTICES Political view Opening example on Ricin plays on good/bad cold war dichotomy between west/east and capitalism/communism. 9 147Para3
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Opening example on radical masectomy could, but doesn't address the ways in which medicine and scientific practice have been gendered to the deteriment of women and non-gender conforming individuals. 10 161Para7Line1and2
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Section "Male Sex Determination in Humans" fails to account for intersex individuals 10 167Paras2and3
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Opening section on Henrietta Lacks supplies no critical context on the woman's life and exploitation, including in the historical record. The more accurate and critical story of Lacks is now widely known and available, and thus the lack of any context here is a big omission. 11 175Paras1-5
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Opening section on Henrietta Lacks supplies no critical context on the woman's life and exploitation, including in the historical record. The more accurate and critical story of Lacks is now widely known and available, and thus the lack of any context here is a big omission. 11 183Section11.1
Critical SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Opening section on skin-color does not discuss the social cost and history of skin color. 14 215Paras1-5
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of caucasian humans 14 214
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race The horizontal spectrum of skin color does not have any context; focus on color-blindness is detrimental. 14 216
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of caucasian humans 14 218
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of caucasian humans 14 220
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of caucasian humans 14 221
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of caucasian humans 14 225
Critical SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Opening section on skin-color does not discuss the social cost and history of skin color. 14 227
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Section on DNA cloning does not address controversies over such practices 15 232Section15.2
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Adequate standard of living Section on Designer Plants does not address controversies over food production and paints a rosy picture of food engineering while ommitting food insecurities experienced around the globe 15 241Section15.7
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Section on Biotech Barnyards fails to account for controversies in this regard, too, ignoring criticism and weighing criticism in same regards as multi-national conglomerates that are known to manipulate data for profit and market share. 15 243Para1Lines5-8
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Religion Opening on Evidence of Evolution can evoke controversial reactions based on religious and cultural belief systems 16 249-50Section15.1
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Ancestry All scientists cited throughout chapter are Western Anglo-European White Men. 16 Throughout
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Opening section posits "astrobiology" as a scientific field without acknowledgment of its speculative nature. 19 303Section19.1
Major CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Moves quickly through "Big Bang Theory" as if not theory but fact; many cultural and religious practices (beyond Judeo-Christianity) would strongly disagree with such an assertion. 19 304Section19.2Paras1and2
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of cacasian humans 19 318
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of cacasian humans 19 321
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of cacasian humans 19 332PhotoB
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Opening section on Seed banks fails to acknowledge the human impact on why such practices are necessary; no critical context. 22 355Paras1and2
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Photos are of cacasian humans, though this scientist is a woman. 22 371
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Religion "Evolution" as a "core concept" has the potential to draw criticism from Judeo-Christian students and parents as well as other groups and communities (Hindus, Buddhists, Native Americans, etc.,). The focus solely on evolution for invertebrates can be potentially troubling. 24 Throughout
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Religion "Evolution" as a "core concept" has the potential to draw criticism from Judeo-Christian students and parents as well as other groups and communities (Hindus, Buddhists, Native Americans, etc.,). The focus solely on evolution for vertebrates can be potentially troubling. 25 Throughout
Major CULTURAL PRACTICES Religion "Evolution" as a "core concept" has the potential to draw criticism from Judeo-Christian students and parents as well as other groups and communities (Hindus, Buddhists, Native Americans, etc.,). The focus solely on evolution for human evolution can be potentially troubling. Flagged Major b/c focus on "human" will be particularly striking for those with strong and vocal Judeo-Christian ideology... 26 Throughout
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Focus early on sex binary can lead to intersex erasure given context is "human" evolution 26 437Para3Line1-2
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Even in this early evolutionary period, the section on "early culture" focuses only on tool-making and elides any consideration of other cultural aspects of those social worlds. 26 442Paras9-11and 443para1)
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Ancestry Though "race" would be flagged here, too. The passage makes an unsettling comparison between "Neanderthals" and what would be indigenous peoples around the artic (Inuit, etc.,) regarding body shape and size. 26 443Para9Lines8-9
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Ancestry Race: the passage anachronistically uses "colonize" to refer to original African peoples as leaving Africa while there is NO mention of actual, historical colonization on the continent of Africa. Flagged here because has the potential to strongly offend those that have suffered under real, historical "colonization." 26 444Para9Lines9-11
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Ancestry/ethnicity, etc: In the discussions throughout of Neanderthal man and early man in relation to geographical locations, geo locations are being used anachronistically. There was no AFRICA or MIDDLE EAST as historical geo-designations. To make such connections between Middle Easterns possibly mating with Neanderthals could be very troubling giving the way racial ideologies have posited brown and black peoples as less evolved, animalistic, etc., A simple phrase, "in areas now known as" would do much to deal with the anachronism of using a name that was not in circulation as well as the inherent social power dynamics in this context. 26 Throughout, especially 445Para2Lines8-11 and referencing Figure 26.13
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment While discussing the fallout from military weapons testing, there is no "critical" discussion of this impact not just on testing sites, but areas of conflict around the globe, including long-term devastation to land and ecologies. 28 467Paras1-2
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment While discussing the fallout from nuclear facility disasters, all examples are outside the US, while ignoring Three Mile Island. 28 467Para3
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom While discussing colony collapse disorder re: honey bees, there is no mention of human and social world culpability 29 481Paras2-3
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom While discussing colony collapse disorder re: honey bees, there is no mention of human and social world culpability. This "revisited" section begins to outline how pesticides affect CCD, but draw no direct correlation to human beings; in fact, it is as if "pesticides" are considered a natural part of the world. 29 495Section29.1Paras2and3
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture While the authors open the door to finally acknowledge other epistemologies that are "scientific" in their own regard, they fail to do so and present the medicinal practices of Kuna peoples as happenstance, and just waiting for Western science to come in and figure it out... 30 499Paras1-3
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Once again, photos of humans are caucasian humans 30 513
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Introduction of stem cell research does not include any of the controversies over such practice. 31 517Section31.1
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Ability and health Places instances of nuerodiversity, such as ADHD, as well as depression all under the same heading of "Neurotransmitter Diversity" in a hurried manner with no larger contextualization. 32 544Paras4and5
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Human photo of Caucasian human 33 559
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Human photo of Caucasian human 33 566
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Human photo of Caucasian human 33 575
Critical IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment strong CRITICAL section on endocrine disruptors and human's plastic consumption! 34 579Section34.1
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Section works from the assumption that there is a fixed sex binary, especially in the context of hormone production; ignores the reality of intersex people 34 591Section34.9
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race While the textbook finally shows some people of color, and a black woman health care practictioner, the image is presented as related to blood pressure; given both the racial ideologies and the heavy impact on African American communities around this aspect of health and blackness, this picture can easily be problematic without additional context. 36 625Figure36.14
Critical SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Here, the authors draw a direct connection between hypertension and African Americans. Unfortunately, the way it is written is presented as if "race" is a factor. The factors for high numbers of hypertension within African American communities is much more complicated than "racial" heritage. 36 628Para5Lines3and4
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture This section uses military/conflict narrative framing; medical humanities has long critiqued this narrative framing of the body's health and healing systems. 37 636-8Section37.2
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Race, ethnicity, and global economics: In a rare photo with people of color, the image focuses on the person as disease-inflicted, and does nothing to contextualize that particular disease and its history of (non)treatment for people without extraordinary access to resources. (HIV/AIDS) 37 655Figure 37.22
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Section does nothing to contextualize that particular disease and its history of (non)treatment for people without extraordinary access to resources. (HIV/AIDS) 37 656Para3
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture While the section attempts to hit at both pros and cons of vaccination, the tone is dismissive of those that worry about the cons of vaccination. 37 657Paras2-7
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Health, safety, and humane treatment Section on detrimental affects of CO do not bring up any governmental or national responsibility, but focus on the individual's role and responsibility. 38 661Section38.1
Major IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Adequate standard of living Under "Causes of Obesity" the section does nothing to consider the socio-economic conditions or wider social conditions that affect those with unhealthy dietary practices. 39 695Paras1-3
Minor SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Race Another photo where the rare human is once again Caucasian 40 706Figure40.8
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Socioeconomic status Section on IVF and egg banks do not include context on how women of lower socioeconomic status are routinely exploited in this industry. 41 715Section41.1Paras4and5
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Though speaking of "animals" in general, the section does include "humans" and using "hermaphrodite" is dated and offensive. 41 717Para1Line2
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Section works from sex binary; excludes non-binary sexed individuals and includes gendered assumptions in relation to female 41 720Section41.4
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Section works from sex binary; excludes non-binary sexed individuals and includes gendered assumptions in relation to male 41 724Section41.6
Major SOCIAL FORMATIONS AND IDENTITIES Gender and (inter)sex Does not consider that the labor of contraception is extremely gendered in our culture, and carries with it continued gender binary assumptions and values. 41 728-9Paras1-11
Major CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Defines human life at eighth week of pregnancy; may be counter to many cultural and religious belief systems 42 746Para2Lines1-3
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Culture Begins to consider human impact on other species but does so only so superficially before backing off. 43 755Section43.1
Minor IDEOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS Equality, fairness, and freedom While the section does a critical job of questioning US's ecological footprint, the section does open itself up for criticism that do not see "environmental issues" as actual science. 44 705Paras1-3
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Political view Focus on conservation and human overuse of resources can be seen as politically motivated. Potential to infuriate conservative readers. 46 814Section46.6
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Political view Focus on conservation and human overuse of resources can be seen as politically motivated. Potential to infuriate conservative readers. 46 814Section46.8
Minor CULTURAL PRACTICES Political view Focus on "anthropocene" can be seen as politically motivated. Potential to infuriate conservative readers. 48 851Section48.1
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